If you have been diagnosed with kidney cancer, after all the necessary assessments and examinations are made, your doctor will determine which treatment is best for the tumor that you have. In order to give the kidney cancer treatment decision correctly, the treatment option that is considered appropriate for you will be explained to you and also discussed with you.
There are pros and benefit or cons and as well as side effects of all treatment options. In addition, the same treatment may not give the same results in every patient. Therefore, you should be aware of the treatment options and know enough information about them. You should decide by weighing according to the advantage and disadvantage.
Treatments in kidney cancer can be examined mainly as local and systemic therapies under two main headings. These treatments are sometimes applied separately, also, sometimes they can be applied by mixing in the same patient. The topics of how and by whom treatments are applied and how to decide which treatment or taking part in a clinical trial are of utmost importance.
Also sometimes they can be applied by mixing in the same patient. The topics of how and by whom treatments are applied and how to decide which treatment or taking part in a clinical trial are of utmost importance.
treatment refers to treatments that are applied to treat only the tumor without
affecting any other part of the body. This type of treatment is usually can
be performed only in early-diagnosed and early-stage tumors. However, it
can be used in some other cases outside of these situations.
cases of kidney cancer, surgery is the main treatment. The rate of survival with kidney
cancer without surgical treatment is extremely low. Especially in patients with cancer
limited to kidney, surgical removal of cancer from kidney helps patients to
live longer. However, surgical treatment may be also important in patients with
kidney cancer spread to other parts of the body. Surgical treatments can vary
between removal of the tumor itself with some of the surrounding kidney tissue (partial
nephrectomy) and removal of whole of the kidney (radical nephrectomy) according
to the location and stage of cancer.
in whom surgical treatment which is the primary treatment for kidney cancer,
cannot be performed, other options to destroy the tumor are considered.
treatments can give very good results in some patients, there is still no
sufficient data on how well this option work over time.
c. Active surveillance
option that can be choose in patients with renal tumors less than 4 cm is to
carefully watch the tumor without any treatment, whether the it is growing or
not. If the tumor grows rapidly or reaches a size of more than 4 cm, it is
removed or other treatment options are considered.
is often used in patients which other treatment options cannot be considered because
of health status or in elderly patients. Before deciding to apply this
treatment option, biopsy is performed to confirm that if the tumor a real cancer.
d. Radiation therapy
cancers are highly susceptible tumors to radiotherapy.
is rarely used if the patient is not suitable for surgery.
in patients with kidney cancer is used to palliate, symptoms such as pain or
bleeding and metastasis (especially to brain and bone) related problems.
cancer can also be treated orally or parenteral with the drugs given to the
bloodstream. This is called systemic therapies, since these drugs can reach all
of the cells in the whole body, not only the kidney cancer cells.
treatment options can be used depending on the type of kidney cancer.
a. Targeted therapy
As a result
of developments in the world of science, much more information about molecules
and genetics was acquired.
a number of therapies developed directly targeting cancer-causing cells. These
targeted drugs are different from standard chemotherapy drugs in this sense.
Sometimes, they can provide treatment when standard chemotherapy drugs are not
is use of drugs to stimulate the human’s own immune system to recognize and to
destroy cancer cells. In this sense, there are several immunotherapy treatment
options that can be used for the treatment of kidney cancer
means that the giving anti-cancer medicine orally or parenterally to the
bloodstream. Since the drugs are given to the bloodstream, they do not reach only
the kidney cancer cells but the whole body. In this sense, it is particularly
useful in patients with metastatic kidney cancer which means extended cancer to
other parts of the body. However, there are many systemic side effects of this treatment.
kidney cancer is not chemo-sensitive, so chemotherapy is not the standard
therapy for this malignancy.
Common Approaches in Treatment
on the stage and type of kidney cancer, different combinations of treatments
can be applied at the same time or used after one another.
cancer cannot be completely removed, some of these treatments can be used as
palliative. Palliative treatment is means that treatment of some symptoms such
as pain. But this treatment does not cure the cancer.
of kidney cancer is an issue where many different specialists work together.
Urologist: A specialized physician to treat urinary system diseases
Radiation oncologist: A doctor who treats cancer with radiation therapy
Medical oncologist: A doctor who treats cancer with drugs such as chemotherapy or targeted therapy
these, your treatment team may include physician assistants (PAs), nurse
practitioners (NPs), nurses, psychologists, nutritionists, social workers and
other health professionals.
Considering Alternatives and Making Decision
extremely important to discuss and examine in detail all treatment options with
your doctors and health professionals. After receiving a diagnosis of kidney
cancer, you may feel compelled to decide quickly. Although it is important to
start treatment as soon as possible, you must give yourself time to absorb the
information you have learned and make the right decision.
permits, getting a second opinion can also help you in the decision-making
process. In this way, you may have more information about your chosen treatment
plan and be more confident about yourself.
Choosing to Stop Treatment or No Treatment at all
treatment of your cancer you may hear some alternative or complementary methods
that your doctor does not tell you about. These methods can be vitamins,
medicinal herbs, diet or massage.
methods refer to treatments that are regularly used, as well as cancer
methods are the treatments that your doctor recommends instead of medical
of these methods can help you to relieve your symptoms and even cure your
cancer, also they can even harm you.
consult your cancer care team before starting any treatment that you intend to
use as an alternative or complementary. In this way, you can give more accurate